She was the second daughter of Lorenzo Alberto Alonso who was a former representative of Spanish Cortes and Brigida de Quintos whose parents were Manuel de Quintos, of a well-known family in Pangasinan and Regina Ursua who was the daughter of Benigna and Eugene Ursua. According to her, Jose (Teodora’s brother) had fathered a child with his niece, Saturnina Rizal (the eledest of Rizal’s sisters) and that Soledad Rizal (the youngest) was the fruit of this incestuous affair. Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. Rizal studied at the Ateneo, a private high school, and then to the University of St. Thomas in … After his execution Josephine, accompanied by Paciano and Trinidad Rizal entered rebel territory in Cavite. Francisco Mercado married Bernarda Monica of San Pedro, Tunasan in 1771 and sired Rizal’s grandfather, Juan. You can see how Rizal families moved over time by selecting different census years. Combining the paternal and maternal ancestry, therefore Jose Rizal was born with Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish lineages in his blood. Not just as an ordinary story of a Filipino but a story of a very intelligent and talented Filipino, who is ready to sacrifice his whole life just to give freedom and peace to his family, and own nation. Share some things about the Rizal name. Teodora claimed that the child was hers. One example was Dr. José Rizal’s mother. Also called ‘Choleng,’ Soledad Rizal (1870-1929) was the youngest child of the Rizal family. “Because of you,” he wrote, “the peace of our family has been disturbed.”, Some timeless lessons in ethics and good manners can be learned from the letter. However, the name change caused confusion in the business affairs of Francisco, most of which were begun under the old name. So his … The couple were married in Catholic rites by Fr. Her great-grandfather, Rizal's maternal great-great-grandfather, Eugenio Ursua (of Japanese ancestry), who married a Filipina named Benigna (surname unknown). Saturnina Rizal is the eldest among the siblings, followed by Paciano, then Narcisa, Olympia, Lucia, Maria and then Jose Rizal, then Concepcion, Josefa, Trinidad and lastly, Soledad (“The Mercado Family,” n.d.). Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. José Rizal was born in 1861 to Francisco Rizal Mercado y Alejandro and Teodora Alonso Realonda y Quintos in the town of Calamba in Laguna province. ( Log Out /  Jose's father Francisco adopted the surname "Rizal" (originally Ricial, the green of young growth or green fields), which was suggested to him by a provincial governor, or as Jose had described him, "a friend of the family". This was the reason why Jose’s wife, Teodora Formoso, developed animosity towards Teodora. Their daughter, Regina, married Manuel de Quintos, Filipino-Chinese lawyer from Pangasinan. So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? Why is it that when the woman wants everyone in the family to have the same last name, she immediately assumes that it is she who must change her name? Many wonder why he used “Rizal” while his father was Francisco Mercado. In order to hide this shameful act, Saturnina went out on a vacation with her mother Teodora, only to come back later with a newborn child. Domingo Lam-Co, the great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal, decided to use Mercado as his surname in 1731 to match his profession, being a merchant. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  Being a teacher, she was arguably the best educated among Rizal’s sisters. Meanwhile, for Don Francisco Mercado, Rizal’s father, Rizal was used, which means new pasture or greenfield. The name is derived from Spanish " rizal " or "ricial," meaning "verdant" or "green" (as ricestalk), the main agricultural crop of their family industry. He used this surname from 1731 to November 11, 1849 as soon as Governor-General Narciso Claveria posed a regulation that requires them to make use of Spanish family names. Jose Alberto’s wife Teodora did not eat the food. Rizal’s mother Teodora Alonso came from the clan of Lakan Dula, known as the last Malay king of Tondo. She was also traced to Eugenio Ursua whose ancestors came from Japan. Afterward, Rizal spent three months in the nearby village, Wilhemsfeld where he wrote the last few chapters of ‘Noli Me Tangere’. . Rizal cried while still in his mother's womb? He changed his surname to protect his identity. This section is a placeholder for information about the Rizal surname. Teodora Alonzo with her half-brother Jose Alberto was charged for attempting to poison the other Teodora (Jose Albeto’s wife). Contrary to this Teodora was charged and convicted for attempted murder and was sent to prison with Jose Alberto. She was arrested and made to walk all the way from Biñan to the provincial capital of Laguna because among other things, she refused to use the name Realonda, which was assigned to her. To hide this shameful act, Saturnina went out in a vacation accompanied by Teodora only to come back later with a newborn child. He stayed at the pastoral house of a kind Protestant pastor, Dr. Karl Ullmer, the whole family of whom became Rizal’s good friends. The name ‘Francisco’ was in high honor in Laguna for it had belonged to a famous sea captain who had been given the ENCOMIENDA of BAY for his services. Jose Rizal’s grandmother, Brigida Quintos was “another woman.”  Rizal’s grandfather, Lorenzo Alberto’s legal wife was Paula Florentino of Vigan who was younger by twelve years. Lorenzo was from Biñan, Laguna. Rizal wrote "Noli Me Tangere" in Spanish; it was published in 1887 in Berlin, Germany. Teodora Alonzo died on August 16, 1911 at the age of 84. Barbara Gonzalez, a descendant of Rizal said that Jose Maria Alonzo de Alberto allegedly had an affair with his niece Saturnina (daughter of Teodora Alonzo) and that Soledad was the fruit of this love affair. Many wonder why he used “Rizal” while his father was Francisco Mercado. Teodora claimed that the child was hers. THE SURNAME Mercado was the original surname of the Rizal family. Jose Rizal and his family got the surname 'Rizal' from his Chinese ancestor Domingo Lameo. Family name: The family name Mercado was changed to Rizal due to a law in 1850. The new name, however, caused confusion in the commercial affairs of the family. Rizal means "Ricial or grains", and they started using it 1731. How Jose Obtained the ‘Rizal’ Last Name. Instead she fed it to a dog, which died immediately. In 1920 there were 2 Rizal families living in Colorado. His real and complete name was Dr. José Rizal Protasio Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Rizal Enters the Universityizal entered UST in April 1877 and took up Philosophy andLetters.easons why he took it: • His father liked it • He was still uncertain as to what career to pursuet the first year, he also studied Cosmology, Metaphysics,Theodicy and History of Philosophy.r. The Rizal family is considered as one of the largest families during the… He returned to the Philippines in 1892 but was exiled due to his desire for reform. Josephine and Rizal reunited for the last time at the latter’s cell in Fort Santiago on December 30, 1896. Every family has its secrets, even the Rizals of Calamba, among the most important families in Philippine history. Surname “Rizal” His real and complete name was Dr. José Rizal Protasio Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Soledad was the most beautiful among the Rizal sisters, having a mestizo father. José Rizal 1861-1896. The Rizals is considered one of the biggest families during their time. The story is that Jose Alberto found out that Teodora Formoso (his wife) was having an affair. Rizal apparently came from a Chinese-Filipino descent – Francisco Mercado Y Chinco. Victor Balaguer two hours before Rizal’s execution at Bagumbayan. He used this surname from 1731 to November 11, 1849 as soon as Governor-General Narciso Claveria posed a regulation that requires them to make use of Spanish family names. Jose’s Father, Francisco adopted the surname ‘Rizal’ (originally Ricial, the green of young growth or green fields), which was suggested to him by a provincial governor, or as Jose described him, “a friend of the family”. Popular history texts say that Teodora Alonzo was made to walk from Calamba to Sta. This is the reason why in the Philippines, we carry Hispanic surnames. He should have been Jose Mercado right?So why did Rizal’s surname become Rizal instead of Mercado? The life of Jose Rizal was a truly inspiring story. Lorenzo was from Biñan, Laguna. Proudly created by Gil R. Miranda with Wix.com. José Rizal, son of a Filipino father and a Chinese mother, came from a wealthy family. Change ). Only handful of family members and trusted family friends were informed. The Philippine representation to the Spanish cortes though, under the Cadiz constitution allowing colonies to be represented in the Spanish Cortez was short lived. According to Dr. Jose Rizal, his mother, Teodora Alonzo and Uncle Jose Alberto, came from the marriage of Joaquina Brigida de Quintos and Lorenzo Alberto. If this story was indeed true, this may be the reason behind the conflict between the Alonzos and the Alberto clan. He had nine sisters and one brother. ( Log Out /  So he just used his middle name, Rizal, instead, which was considered as illustrado during the Spanish time and entails the benefits a Spaniard can get. Some of the explanations with this are: Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. It is also important to note that of all the Alberto siblings, Teodora is the only one baptized in Manila. Colorado had the highest population of Rizal families in 1920. For instance, it reveals that Jose was very much against women who allow themselves to be courted outside their homes. Other accounts say that all the siblings came from the same mother except Teodora, and this is why Teodora had always been treated like an outsider. Novels and Other Writing . His elder brother, Paciano Mercado, had been involved with the notorious Father Burgos. He should have been Jose Mercado right? He said to Choleng, “If you have a sweetheart, behave towards him nobly and with dignity, instead of resorting to secret meetings and conversations which do nothing but lower a woman’s worth in the eyes of a man… You should value more, esteem more your honor and you will be more esteemed and valued.”. Domingo Lam-co, the family’s paternal ascendant was a full-blooded Chinese who came to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of the 17th century and married a Chinese half-breed by the name of Ines de la Rosa. José's father Francisco adopted the surname "Rizal" (originally Ricial, the green of young growth or green fields), which was suggested to him by a provincial governor, or as José had described him, "a friend of the family". Don Francisco thus settled on the name ‘Rizal Mercado’ as a compromise, and often just used his more known surname ‘Mercado’. He changed his surname to protect his identity. If this story is true, this could have been the real reason why Teodora Formoso hated Teodora Alonzo. In his long and meaty letter to Choleng dated June 6, 1890, Jose told her sister that he was proud of her for becoming a teacher. After his parents’ death, he moved to Calamba. Teodora came with daughter Saturnina. Despite his family's wealth, they suffered discrimination because neither parent was born in the peninsula. ( Log Out /  He took up Philosophy and Latin in the Colegio de San Jose in Manila. This was about 67% of all the recorded Rizal's in the USA. The novel is a scathing indictment of the Catholic Church and Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines, and its publication cemented Rizal's position on the Spanish colonial government's list of troublemakers. Jose Rizal’s parents are Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonso (Rizal, 2011). Rizal's family was a mixture of races. .Historical accounts say that this was done by Spanish officials to harass the Rizals who were suspected to have secret connections with the insurrectos. They were a combination of Negrito, Malay, Indonesian, Japanese, Chinese, and Spanish, though Jose was predominantly Malayan. Jose’s real last name, Mercado, during those times was a hot name, targeted by the Spaniards. Textbook history has led us to believe that the Rizal-Mercado family was one of wealth and importance. The Rizal Family: A Good Middle Class Family • They belonged to the Principalia • Had a large 2-storey Stone House, a Carjuahe and a vast private library home of 1,000 and more books • Can afford to send their children to Manila for college 13. He was an educated mestizo that reached the pinnacle of political power during his time. Some issues says that Jose Rizal’s grandmother, Brigida Quintos was “another woman.” Rizal’s grandfather, Lorenzo Alberto’s legal wife was Paula Florentino of Vigan who was younger by twelve years. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Some historians however say that the siblings later claimed legitimacy by stating that Paula Florentino, the legal wife was their lawful mother. 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