Pingback: Joan, byname Joan The Mad, Spanish Juana La Loca, (born Nov. 6, 1479, Toledo, Castile [Spain]—died April 11, 1555, Tordesillas, Spain), queen of Castile (from 1504) and of Aragon (from 1516), though power was exercised for her by her husband, Philip I, her father, Ferdinand II, and her son, the emperor Charles V (Charles I of Spain). In any case, by the 18th century it was in a sorry state and was demolished. Was she suspicious that something more than the weather was not right, yet sent Juana anyway? Her last pregnancy coincided with Phillip’s death which may have tipped her over the edge. Born in the city of Toledo, Joanna the Mad was the third child of Ferdinand II of Aragon of the Royal House of Trastámara and Isabella I of Castile.Historians describe Joanna as a fair-skinned, blue-eyed beauty with a mix of strawberry-blonde and auburn colored hair. 1. Ferdinand conceded to Philip, giving up all claims to Castile, and both men had Joanna declaed mad, and unfit to rule. But in 1890 when King Alfonsi XIII died his daughter Isabel II came into power and once again her advisors tried to rule over her and there were riots in the streets and people saw Spain as weak. For information about our privacy practices, please visit our privacy page. Ingrid, do you refer to to the Martinez de Leyva family of La Rioja, Cantabria, (i.e. Ferdinand conceded to Philip, giving up all claims to Castile, and both men had Joanna declaed mad, and unfit to rule. Click here to read this article from the Journal of Humanistic Psychiatry. The succession battle for the throne ended with Ferdinand abandoning his interest in reigning Castile, leaving such ambitions and responsibility to his “beloved children.” Some time after that, Philip and Ferdinand signed an agreement asserting that Joanna was mentally incapable to rule Castile and should be replaced. Juana's son, Charles, who became the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, eventually took over from Juana as regent, and then, monarch. Also, her younger sister, Maria, died of giving to many sons in a short time. Who would not be sad and depressed at such betrayals and such loneliness. Just like Queeb Mary of Scotland and Queen Elizabeth of England men tried to rule either through them or despised them. "Queen Juana I of Castile (1479-1555) is generally known as "Joan the Mad". I have studied them extensively and I simply don’t see it. By that time, it was already clear that Joanna’s mental state was not ideal, to say the least. I think she wasn't insane , but she had the same symptomps like her maternal grandmother , mother of Isabella I. of Castile, Isabella of Braganza (1428–1496) . That’s not true, it’s a fake and an invent. After her mother’s death, Joanna became the Queen regnant of Spain, a battle for the Castilian throne began and Joanna‟s father Ferdinand made an attempt to mint coins under his name and Joanna‟s. Juana's grandson Carlos and great-granddaughter Maria of Austria, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, reportedly also went mad. She was also sent, or perhaps banished, to a convent by her son and not allowed any visitors for the rest of her life. Joanna of Castile, aka Juana la loca, was Queen of Castile (in central Spain) from 1504 and Aragon (ditto) from 1516. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. It is obvious that she suffered from some form of mental instability. April 5, 2018 at 9:27 pm, Pingback: Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Environment stress is a trigger, particularly in any emotional areas dwelled upon during post partum depression periods. Juana had started exhibiting signs of mental instability in 1504, when her mother was stricken with a fever. I don’t think Juana was mad, not at all. Being unwilling to be parted from a deceased loved-one is fits with any of the first four stages of grief before the last (acceptance) and could also reflect natural urge to experience control by an individual who is regularly deprived of it. Juana of Castile, known as Juana la Loca or Joanna the Mad, was the elder sister of Catherine of Aragon and sister-in-law to Henry VIII of England. However, I think we’re being unfair to her son Carlos if we merely mention that he forbade all visitors, which I’m not sure is even accurate. What do you think? Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was queen of Castile from 1504 and of Aragon from 1516. Joanna was married by arrangement to Philip the Handsome, Archduke of the House of Habsburg, on 20 October 1496. Upon the death of her mother in November 1504, Joanna became Queen regnant of Castile and her husband jure uxoris its king. August 4, 2018 at 5:56 pm. She succeeded to Castile and León at the death of her mother. But he had less sinister reasons for keeping tight control, and Bethany Aram reports that at least her children visited her, many times, until her death. What can we do? Money and fame always been the cause of problems in this world, This lady have to go true so much unnecessary,All this Royal fakers have to go to so much yust to control ,yes control ,control .what a world we live in. I’m using the Spanish spelling. Alba Galocha Vallejo as Joanna of Castile, with Philip Andrew as Philip The Handsome. She was more than likely a strong willed woman who a) wasn’t going to take her husband’s philandering lightly, b) dealt with grief in a way that was twisted to suit other’s purposes. She was the third child of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. Both Philip and Joanna issued edicts under Joanna's name, and the pair were inches away from declaring war. Just some trivial corrections on your last sentence. From past experience and knowledge of my own family history, women were never deemed fit to rule, nonetheless, a kingdom. Become a member to get ad-free access to our website and our articles. Actually, manic episodes can, and do, present with hallucinations and paranoia. At that time, a return to Flanders through France was very dangerous since Castile was at war with France. She works in the legal field, with a focus on children. Joanna was married by arrangement to Philip the Handsome, Archduke of the House of Habsburg, on 20 October 1496. Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was queen of Castile from 1504 and of Aragon from 1516. Price request. Their descriptions of her "hysterical tantrums" can easily be explained by her passionate nature and the ruthless way she was treated by her loved ones. So, bear in mind that when you encounter mentions elsewhere of Joanna of Castile (e.g. The Journal of Humanistic Psychiatry, Vol. All of that adds up, and when she has to speak up for herself, she is not heard. Genetic mutation, due to intermarriage of multiple generations of ancestors is a large factor. Schizophrenia is a different illness, but look up “delusional disorder”, “paranoid disorder” or “psychotic events” in relation to severe bipolar disorder. At the time of her birth, her parents were still in the middle of their famed reconquest of Spain. Hours of Joan the Mad - Joanna I of Castile. Her parents were Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, who were co-monarchs of the two kingdoms. I don’t believe she was mentally ill. Not the way they’d like to paint her. The several references to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist – both Joanna I’s namesakes – have lead scholars to assume that the manuscript was made for a woman, member of the Spanish royal family, namely the figure of Joanna I, Queen of Castile and Aragona (1479-1555), also known as Joanna the Mad, wife of Philip the Handsome. In the culture and history of Spain a woman ruler was never popular the only reason Isabel of Castile survived the men removing her from power is because they didnt like her half brother King Enrique (Henry) because he favored the various faith and did not stand for the Catholic faith of the time versus Isabel who stood by the Church and wanted to fight to gain Granada. Can you cite an actual source? I find the story of this family quite fascinating, though I wonder if some modern narratives are tainted by remnants of the Black Legend, plus, in the case of Juana, romatic views that are appealing but don’t harmonize with the accounts of her pitiful life under confinement. What about travelling with her husband’s corpse and embracing and kissing it in his casket? Absolutely. Charles forbade Juana any visitors. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Juana's mother, the formidable Catholic monarch, Isabella I of Castile, passed away in 1504. She had started to show signs of mental instability since 1504, when her mother suffered from a fever and later died. SM, Absolutely during that time women were submissive to men. On April 12, 1555, Joanna of Castile (1479-1555), the last surviving child of Catholic monarchs Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, died at the age of 75, well past the life expectancy of the time. There was a risk of repeating that experience with Juana playing a role, as she could name another regent, her Spanish-born son Fernando for example, to replace Carlos, who had proclaimed himself monarch alongside his mother doubtfully in order to discourage this possibility. I would not put up with an adulterous husband she was suppose to ignore his tendencies I think this is a classic case of male rules and a plot in those days the royals It’s tempting to speculate on what kind of queen she would have been if she hadn’t been deposed. But behaving “crazily” (aka showing extreme emotions) during a period of acute stress and/or grief is not the same thing as possessing a mental disorder. If it was, then she was definitely mentally ill. I personally believe the men during this time wanted control and to do that they had to get “rid of” Juana. My grandfather was a very angry person and he shot his head off. But I think Isabella and Ferdinand prioritized political alliances over their daughter’s delicate mental constitution when they arranged her marriage to Philip, Archduke of Austria, and shipped her off to Flanders. Anyone that could burn people alive over religion definitely has a few screws loose. The blame of her being imprisoned cannot be only placed on her son Charles V. Her father Ferdinand had much to lose upon the death of his wife. Out of the many mad monarchs in history, Joanna of Castile’s story remains the most tragic. She remained up all night, contributing to the drama by refusing blankets or any kind of comfort. Her parents were Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, who were co-monarchs of the two kingdoms. She undoubtedly experienced grief when her husband died, but don’t most spouses? Already known to fly into jealous rages over her husband's mistresses, even reportedly going so far as to attack at least one, Juana refused to part with her deceased husband's remains for a disturbingly long time. She refused to allow his burial and locked herself in the room where his coffin lay, talking to him. In her biography of the sister queens, Juana and Katherine, Julia Fox convincingly argued that rumours of Juana’s insanity were put about by her male relatives to justify their control of her and their rule of Castile government. Is Isabella really a reliable source on whether she had issues? History is written by the victors perhaps she was merely a woman misunderstood by those around her. It’s possible Juana may have had postpartum depression (possibly even psychosis depending on how severe her symptoms were) The more children you have, the worse it gets, and Juana had 6. Espi Forcen, M.D., Fernando. Their wedding ceremony was held on October 20th, 1496. Philip became the King regnant but would die only a few months later from a fever. We aim to be the leading content provider about all things medieval. Who was this hidden queen and what … I would venture that Juana suffered from mental illness inherited from her maternal grandmother. I think that there could be some truth to her being mad. She obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in German Languages and Literature, then a Juris Doctorate in American jurisprudence, and studied abroad in Costa Rica and France. Those readers were speculating that the alleged prohibition to receive visitors proved that Carlos was hiding that Juana was not really mad. Juana married Philip the Handsome in 1496, when she was 16. Perhaps one of Juana’s most notorious, lurid displays of mental instability occurred when her husband died in September of 1506. History repeats itself, in many different forms and ways, we just refuse to listen to it and improve. Why should this be seen as evidence of madness? Surely Carlos should have sought a better environment for his mother, but his reasons for keeping her under control are understandable. Bipolar disorder does not usually display with schizophrenia or para pia. Besides the kingdoms of Spain She had been Queen of Castile for more than 50 years. She became heir to the thrones of her parents, Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon, after the deaths of her elder brother and sister. Besides the kingdoms of Spain Emotions are not insanity. Men thought women were basically hysterical anyway, so they just didn’t understand if they had any kind of mental illness, even a temporary condition. Instead, the men surrounding her call her a “loon” or “mad” in order to get what they want, and most of the time, it’s either land, title, or wealth. As to Juana’a madness who knows. He was no longer King of Spain. Ferdinand II briefly assumed the regency until he was replaced by Joanna's ambitious husband, Philip I. It is recorded that Joanna took care of her husband religiously during his final days. As for KoA and Mary, can you explain why you think they were mentally ill? Juana was never expected to be Princess of Asturias (the title of the heir apparent to the throne of Aragon), let alone Queen of Spain. Juana was laid to rest in Granada's La Capilla Real, the resting place of her husband and parents. / Since then, she has always held an interest in the Renaissance and its numerous enigmatic citizens, with particular focus on the history of England and Italy. Feeling depressed because you have lost your job is not “depression” nor any other mental disorder, it’s a natural response to an adverse situation and a normal stage of grief. I've read a bit about her, and I'm not getting a "mad" vibe, she was no Nero. Have you read Julia Fox’s book on Juana and Catherine of Aragon? Juana married Philip the Handsome in 1496, when she was 16. He had many reasons to want his daughter to be seen as mad and himself as the ruler of Castile, still. She was already suffering with the loss of her mother and siblings, and on top of that, she had to deal with the emotional and mental abuse from both her father and husband. I purchased European Royalty Family tree chart and from what I see it looks like Joanna the Mad Queen of Castile is the connection maternally to me. Witnesses state that, during her confinement at Tordesillas post Carlos’s (questionable) accession to the throne, Juana was often in deep depression, lacking nourishment and hygiene, or became very agitated. Men plot against her Juana was a strong women / We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. She was an over sexual woman, probably bipolar? Joanna with her parents, Isabella and Ferdinand, from “Rimado de la conquista de Granada” by Pedro Marcuello, c. 1482. The woman who would be known to history as Joanna the Mad (and was also the first queen of a united Spain) was born on November 6, 1479 in Toledo, Castile. While she was still in Flanders, Joanna‟s elder brothers and sister passed away and the Cortes of Castile recognized her as the heiress of the throne. 10 Things to do in Vienna in the Winter: The Ultimate Vienna Christmas Guide Expert live chat – Julian Humphrys – 29 January, Expert Talk – Adrienne Dillard – Conducting research for historical novels, Expert Talk – Phil Downing – The Darker Side of the Elizabethan Period, Expert Talk – Nicola Tallis – Uncrowned Queen: The Fateful Life of Margaret Beaufort, Expert talk – Lucy Churchill – The Anne Boleyn Medal, A priest in the Little Ease, death from plague, and heretics meet their ends - January 25 - 31, Part 1, This week in Tudor History - 18-24 January - Part 2, This week in Tudor History - 18-24 January - Part 1, Quiz - Match the words to the Tudor monarch, The Royal Supremacy and the Break with Rome, This week in Tudor History - 11 - 17 January - Part 2, “Tordesillas, More than Just Where Spain and Portugal Divided up the World.”. Joanna, known historically as Joanna the Mad, was Queen of Castile from 1504, and of Aragon from 1516. Leather case. Dyann, an untreated bipolar disorder as Juana apparently had, when it gets severed like after her husband’s death, can have psychotic features such as paranoid delusion events, which are consistent with testimony of episodes of erratic behaviour from her that earned her her unfortunate nickname. An altercation happened between her and her mother. After her mother’s death, Joanna became the Queen regnant of Spain, a battle for the Castilian throne began and Joanna‟s father Ferdinand made an attempt to mint coins under his name and Joanna‟s. Introduction: Joanna (1479-1555) nicknamed “The Mad” (In Spanish Juana la Loca), was the daughter of the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. For example, it is stated there that Juana was confined at the monastery of Santa Clara, but she actually lived in a royal palace close to it, until her death. 2:2 (2014). Joanna married Philip the Handsome on October 20, 1496. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. If she also had bipolar disorder she would also experience difficulties processing and controlling extreme emotional states like grief and her behaviour would reflect this. Pictures: Juana of Castile by the Master of the Legend of the Magdalen, Juana and Philip the Handsome with their subjects. This is just the history of a masculine society not willing to accept women. January 31, 2019 at 11:49 am, driven to mad ie furious with a husband who made love to mistresses in front of her -hoping she would have histerial anger so with medics waiting outside to witness this in order achieve his aim of through saying she was mad then he could take control of her powerful kingdom and his son copied his tactics-the dirtiest power game- so she was glad in the end for the peace of a convent– she should as queen have been strong and ordered his death but caught in tender trap -she loved him–the horrible bastard -the inquisition was too good for such a manipulative horror- as hapsburg decendant we left in 1700 but with strict rules on no more intermarriage my grandfather was not allowed to marry the princess he loved in 1900. She may have just been more determined and uncompromisable compared to other women at the time? Valladolid – Anything But Paella Her mother was dead, and in her testament named her as heir, Was the story about travelling with her Husband’s corpse (and opening the casket to kiss and hold him) true? So, was Juana mad? Joanna the Mad (as this Spanish queen was known) was rumored to caress the corpse of her husband Philip. I strongly agree with your statement with the exception of Catherine of Aragon. Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504, and of Aragon from 1516. This council called Fernando to act as king regent from there on. Thank you for supporting our website! Despite this, Joanna insisted she was going, claiming that Castile was at war but she wasn’t. I also should have added paranoia to the occasional ramifications of this hypothetical bipolarity. Thanks for the article. However, over 45 of those years were spent in isolated imprisonment for her alleged mental insanity. To judge from his credentials and the authority of the journal, the author must be extremely competent in the medical aspects of the matter, but I’m afraid the historical sections of his paper make me doubt about the biographical basis he used. Our understanding and treatment of mental illness has advanced quite a bit over the centuries -- and thank goodness for that. The daughter of the Catholic Monarchs (Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon) and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (King Charles I of Spain), Joanna had an unlucky life. And if she was tortured for real then that would explain her madness because a certain amount of stress can literally push somebody into madness. And the times were brutal. Joanna I of Castile, who bore the epithet “the mad”, was the regent of Aragon from 1504 to 1555.To this day, researchers debate whether Joanna’s madness was merely a matter of intrigue in power-politics by members of her ruling house. She went on to have six children with her husband, including Charles, who later became the Holy Roman Emperor. She may have been able to function, and she seems to have been brilliant and gifted, but she was mentally ill if the story is true. Ironically of all six of Isabella’s children, Juana was the only one who produced many children, 6 in all, none of whom she raised. Yet even today people often struggle with this idea on a gut level. I have actually read the original Spanish sources on Juana, and she definitely had issues, even Isabella herself recognized it, which does not mean she was completely out of her mind. This is a distance of 668 kilometres, which would take around 6 1/2 hours to drive in a car today, so an extraordinary distance to cover in those days. 7. Charles was for very small amount of time king of Spain because he never took the title from her, when she lived. No one visited, no one spoke to her. Every time her mother fell sick, Joanna refused to eat or rest and just paced around … 4. To me, it’s actually a corrupt and inconsiderate way to get what you want, but people are selfish and only care about themselves. Eventually, the King of France, stepped in to mediate. Juana left Castile in August 1496 to get to Philip’s home base of Flanders. Joanna of Castile was born to Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon at Toledo, Spain. When someone has an emotional outburst, we tend to either empathise with them or call them “crazy” whether or not we actually mean the latter literally. Joanna with her parents, Isabella and Ferdinand, from “Rimado de la conquista de Granada” by Pedro Marcuello, c. 1482. During this time, in response to accusations throughout the empire that she was insane, Joanna … The `` Email '' box to give us permission to Email you betrayal. Handsome with their subjects of ruthless individuals in her life of la Rioja, Cantabria (! 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