In 830, King Egbert’s influence waned and Wiglaf rose to power in Mercia and took back their independence from Wessex rule. He was the son of a Kentish noble but claimed descent from Cerdic (reigned 519-34), founder of Wessex, the kingdom of the West Saxons in southern England. Ecgberht sought refuge at the Frankish court until [792]. [12] In the following year Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome after appointing his eldest surviving son, Æthelbald, under-king of Wessex and Æthelberht under-king of Kent, Essex, Sussex and Surrey, appointments which suggest that his sons were to succeed to the separate kingdoms whether or not he returned to England. In 829 King Egbert invaded Mercia and drove Wiglaf, the king of Mercia, into exile. [3] In 835 the Isle of Sheppey was ravaged by Vikings and in the following year they defeated Ecgberht at Carhampton in Somerset, but in 838 he was victorious over an alliance of Cornishmen and Vikings at the Battle of Hingston Down, reducing Cornwall to the status of a client kingdom. It is exceptional in naming not only the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Rochester (which is all that we might have been led to expect in a Kentish charter), but also the bishops of Sherborne, Winchester, Selsey and (most remarkably) London;[d] it is also exceptional in carrying the attestations of no fewer than ten ealdormen, from both the western and eastern parts of the kingdom. Egbert passed away on month day 839, at age 55 at death place . Æthelwulf and Ecgberht may not have intended a permanent union between Wessex and Kent as they both appointed sons as sub-kings and charters in Wessex were attested (witnessed) by West Saxon magnates, while Kentish charters were witnessed by the Kentish elite; both kings kept overall control and the sub-kings were not allowed to issue their own coinage. Egbert, also spelled Ecgberht, or Ecgbryht, (died 839), king of the West Saxons from 802 to 839, who formed around Wessex a kingdom so powerful that it eventually achieved the political unification of England (mid-10th century). The real King Ecgbert was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Ecgberht's nearest connection to a previous king of Wessex was as a great-great-grandson of Ingild, brother of King Ine (688–726), but he was believed to be a paternal descendant of Cerdic, the founder of the West Saxon dynasty. Æthelberht was first recorded as a witness to a charter in 854. Egbert married Redburge de Herstal in 805, at age 21 at marriage place . He appears to have been on good terms with his younger brothers, the future kings Æthelred I and Alfred the Great. In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. Egbert died of natural causes in 839 CE and his son Aethelwulf succeeded him without opposition due to support from the church. Background information 987 987. Egbert (also spelled Ecgberht or Ecgbriht) was King of Wessex from 802 until 839. The referenced pedigree is provided in the genealogical preface to the Winchester (Pa… The historian Simon Keynes sees this charter as: a highly significant development. Athelstan is tasked with interpreting and preserving the many scrolls of Roman parchment. Egbert was was succeeded on the throne of Wessex by his eldest son Ethelwulf, and was buried at Winchester. Birth of Ecgberht. For other people called Æthelberht, see, Æthelberht in the early fourteenth-century. Æthelberht was first recorded as a witness to a charter in 854. Smyth argues that this reflected an agenda by Alfred's propagandists to play down the achievements of his brothers to enhance the reputation of Alfred himself. The son of Ealhmund, king in Kent in 784 and 786, Egbert was a member of a family … He did not appoint a sub-king and Wessex and Kent were fully united for the first time. Æthelberht was the King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865. From the scrolls, Athelstan conveys to Ecbert detailed accounts of the battlefield str… Ecgberht, also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. This may have been due to a recoinage starting at the end of Æthelwulf's reign and continuing in Æthelberht's, when old coins were called in and melted down to make new ones. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. Egbert (771/775–839), also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. On Beorhtric's death, he established himself in 802 as ECGBERHT King of Wessex, rebelling against Mercian overlordship. [30], Æthelberht's reign began and ended with raids by the Vikings. [28] Æthelberht granted immunity from royal and judicial services to Sherborne church in honour of the souls of his father Æthelwulf and his brother Æthelbald. Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England . Probably in the autumn of 864, another Viking army camped on Thanet and were promised money in return for peace, but they broke their promise and ravaged eastern Kent. Wessex. The silver content of his Inscribed Cross issue fell to below 50% and one penny minted in Canterbury has only 30%, but a Floreate Cross coin has 84%, perhaps indicating that it was intended as a recoinage with higher fineness. He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. He fled to Charlemagne's court, where he married Redburh with whom he had at least three children. [33] In the early ninth century the quality of the inscription and the bust of the king on coins declined, but it revived on the Inscribed Cross penny at the end of Æthelwulf's reign and this continued under Æthelberht's, which also saw the introduction of the rare Floreate Cross design in about 862. He was born on January 01, 0769 (died on January 01, 0839, he was 70 years old) . His father was Ealhmund of Kent. When Æthelbald died in 860, Æthelberht united both their territories under his rule. For two hundred years, three families had fought for the West Saxon throne, and no son had followed his father as king. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Ecgberht died in 839. Ecbert was also a close friend of Athelstan (George Blagden), who had become good friends with Ragnar. The lack of coins in the name of Æthelbald is evidence that he did not have any status of overlordship over Æthelberht. Æþelwulf was the son of Ecgberht, King of Wessex and he came to the throne, and descended from Ine’s brother. In the series, Ecbert formed an alliance with Ragnar Lothbrok (Travis Fimmel). S 328 showed that the king could draw food rents and customary services from folkland. About. [6] In 851 Æthelwulf and his second son Æthelbald defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Aclea and, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, "there made the greatest slaughter of a heathen raiding-army that we have heard tell of up to this present day, and there took the victory". When Æthelberht's grandfather Ecgberht became king of Wessex in 802, it must have seemed very unlikely to contemporaries that he would establish a lasting dynasty. John of Worcester copied Asser's words,[41] while William of Malmesbury described him as "a vigorous but kindly ruler". Under-King in Kent in [796]. [11], Æthelberht was first recorded when he attested charters in 854. [34] There was a considerable increase in the number of moneyers: twelve struck Inscribed Cross coins in Æthelwulf's reign and fifty in Æthelberht's. The Midland kingdom of Mercia dominated southern England, but their supremacy came to an end in 825 when they were decisively defeated by Ecgberht at the Battle of Ellendun. [17] According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: "And then Æthelwulf's two sons succeeded to the kingdom: Æthelbald to the kingdom of Wessex, and Æthelberht to the kingdom of the inhabitants of Kent and to the kingdom of Essex and to Surrey and to the kingdom of Sussex". [35], Æthelberht died of unknown causes in the autumn of 865. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne.He was the father of Athelwulf of Wessex Some historians believe that the three brothers agreed that each would succeed to the throne in turn. He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. Before reaching Egbert, the crown adorned the heads of Cynewulf and Beothric, whose rule began after the murder of Cynewulf in AD 786. [7], Anglo-Saxon charters provide the major source for Æthelberht's life and narrative accounts are very limited. Wessex: Death: circa 1005 (13-23 ... [1810]. Egbert was King of Wessex, 802-827 and was the first King of [3] In 850 Æthelstan defeated a Danish fleet off Sandwich in the first recorded naval battle in English history. Æthelberht died in the autumn of 865 and was buried next to his brother Æthelbald at Sherborne Abbey in Dorset. This made Ecgberht an ætheling – a prince who had a legitimate claim to the throne. Later that year Egbert received the submission of the Northumbrian king at Dore. Aella of Northumbria (824-867) was the king of Northumbria from 863 to 867, succeeding Osberht of Northumbria and preceding Ecgberht I of Northumbria.. Brother of Saint Alburga. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. When Egbert died in 839, Æthelwulf succeeded him; the southeastern kingdoms were finally absorbed into the kingdom of Wessex after Æthelwulf's death in 858. These attacks were minor compared with events after Æthelberht's death, when the Vikings almost conquered England. If this is correct, it is assumed that Ecgberht was the son of King Æthelred´s "wife" Ælflæd, although he is not specifically named by Florence of Worcester as one of her children. [1], At the beginning of the ninth century, England was almost wholly under the control of the Anglo-Saxons. "[40] Asser's view was followed by post-Conquest historians. It is possible that Æthelberht had a son called Oswald or Osweald, who attested two charters in 868 and one in 875 as, History of the English penny (c. 600 – 1066), "Æthelbald (d. 860), king of the West Saxons", "Æthelwulf (d. 858), king of the West Saxons", "Houses of Benedictine monks: The Abbey of Sherborne", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Æthelberht,_King_of_Wessex&oldid=1002087360, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 20:04. General Notes: ~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 1:12, King of Wessex 802-27 and the first king of all England 837-36, son of Ealhmund, King of Kent. Egbert (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle subsequently described Egbert as a bretwalda, or "Ruler of Britain". [13] In 856, Æthelwulf returned to England with a new wife, Judith, daughter of Charles the Bald, king of the West Franks. [8], Æthelberht was the third of five sons of Æthelwulf and his first wife Osburh, who died around 855. Selsey in Sussex was part of greater Wessex, but London was then a Mercian town. Little is known of the first 20 years of Egbert's reign, but it is thought that he was able to maintain Wessex's independence against the kingdom of Mercia, which at that time dominated the other southern English kingdoms. READ MORE Vikings cast: How did Alexander Ludwig land Bjorn Ironside role? In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. [15], Æthelwulf confirmed that he intended a permanent division of his kingdom as he recommended that on his death Æthelbald should be king of Wessex and Æthelberht king of Kent. Kent had mints at Canterbury and Rochester and they produced coins in the name of Æthelwulf until 858 and Æthelberht thereafter. Egbert (also spelt Ecgberht) (c. 775 –839) was King of Wessex from 802 until 839. [31], In the late eighth and ninth centuries the only denomination of coin produced in southern England was the silver penny. [27] In two charters in 862 and 863 (S 335 and S 336) Æthelred makes grants as king of the West Saxons and Æthelberht is not mentioned. Ecgberht died February (or June) 839 and was buried at Winchester Cathedral. A Kentish charter issued in the first year of his reign (S 327) was the first to include a full complement both of West Saxon and Kentish attesters, although he then returned to locally attested charters.[24]. In 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia and ended Mercia's supremacy at the Battle of Ellandun, and proceeded to take control of the Mercian dependencies in southeastern England. [20], Æthelberht appears to have made significant changes in personnel as a Kentish charter of 858 (S 328) was witnessed by twenty-one thegns, out of whom fourteen did not witness a surviving charter of his father. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter. [22][c] This proposal was carried out when Æthelwulf died in 858. [26] He appears to have been on good terms with his younger brothers and in a charter of 861 (S 330) he granted land to St Augustine's, Canterbury, in return for the abbot's continuing loyalty to him, Æthelred, and Alfred. 0 In 825 Beornwulf was defeated by Ecgberht , king of Wessex, and in the same year he was overthrown and slain by the East Angles. Geni requires JavaScript! 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