Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. Bark, Young - Nyssa sylvatica: black tupelo Credits: UF/IFAS Figure 7. The furrowed black bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. This will not only add expertise to your gardening hobby, but it will also help you understand its characteristics. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Skip to the end of the images gallery . Black Tupelo. The common name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Mature Height. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Tupelo Tower was selected from a good zone 4 hardy seed source and is a full zone hardier than other available cultivars. Environmental Conditions. Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae) -----Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. Parentage: Chance black tupelo seedling of unknown origin, growing in a cultivated area of Select Trees, Inc. in Bishop, Ga. Tree shape: Upright conical, densely branched. Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica. Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. The trees typically reach 9–15 metres (30–50 feet) or more in height. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9.Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. Afterburner Black® Tupelo features rich green glossy foliate which ignites with brilliant fall color, ranging from scarlet to maroon, yellow, and orange. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to … Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.[14]. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. 63 (12) pp. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. Prune in fall if desired. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. I find the pyramidal form and deeply furrowed bark on mature trees very attractive. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. 20' - 30' Shipping Height. With thick, deeply ridged bark, the black tupelo is able to withstand attacks from many deer species which are notorious for their bark stripping habits. Landscape Attributes Shape. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. has many of the same characteristics and uses as black tupelo. Tolerates soil compaction but not pollution. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. The dark gray bark is … The glossy pointy leaves turn outstanding shades of scarlet, orange and yellow in the fall. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Also found on high wooded slopes in the south of its range[82]. Herb: Black Tupelo Latin name: Nyssa sylvatica Synonyms: Nyssa multiflora, Nyssa villosa Family: Nyssaceae (Tupelo Family, Sour Gum Family) Medicinal use of Black Tupelo: The bark is emetic, ophthalmic and vermifuge. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 Some black spot may occur on leaves, but this usually does little to affect the ornamental value. Growth Speed. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on very old stems. Black Tupelo Bark Detailed view of the bark of a black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University.Black Tupelos are also called black gums, sour gums, and pepperridges. Tappi J. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. One characteristic of this tree is the conspicuously swollen base. Tupelo Tower Black Gum has forest green foliage throughout the season. Trunk: Sturdy, dominant leader, ridged and furrowed, becoming blocky with age. With all the great ornamental attributes of Blackgum, including exceptional fall color and ease of care, this selection allows even more flexibility of location because of its columnar habit. It produces black berries in early fall. A strong decoction is used to cause vomiting when unable to retain food. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. Scientific Name. As the tree ages, its distinctive bark … Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. Wood is spirally grained and difficult to split. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery . Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Nyssa sylvatica. The black tupelo is also known as the blackgum, sourgum, or Pepperidge tree. The importance of Black Tupelo is high as its benefits are more and so are Black Tupelo Facts. BLACK TUPELO Bare Rooted. The simple glossy leaves are entire to slightly toothed or wavy and are usually elliptic in shape. Reviews . bark, tupelo, black (hard wood) Classification: ECN Phyllis classification untreated wood bark: NTA 8003 classification [100] hout [110] vers hout [112] schors: Ash type: 575 degC: Submitter organisation: ECN (Netherlands) Remarks: calculated from ash-concentration: Literature: M. L. Harder and D. W. Einspahr: Levels of some essential metals in bark. Q&A . Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica On mature trees bark is deeply and narrowly fissured with oblong blocks resembling alligator leather. The fissured grey bark provides winter interest, and the fall fireworks show is truly spectacular! Bark: Gray-brown with ridged and furrowed characters which are grayed-orange. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Blog Posts . It is a highly adaptable tree, growing about a foot each year in nearly all conditions. Range: Eastern N. America - Maine to Florida, west to Ontario and Texas. This tree is not prone to many diseases, but can be infected by a black leaf spot disease which creates large black lesions on the leaves and can cause the leaves to die and fall early. So if you’re planting trees for bees, add this to your list. Oval. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. Details . 110-112 (1980). Nyssa sylvatica var. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways. Hudson River Park locations: Morton Street to Christopher Street (N1) Charles Street to West 11th Street (N3) West 11th Street to West 12th Street (N4) sections. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Though it is not the dominant tree type in this oak/pine woodland, its presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife. A medium-sized tree, the Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) has dark green leaves in summer becoming an amazing glowing orange red and yellow colour in autumn. Here are a few things to note if you’re considering adding one to your yard. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. An infusion has been used as a bath and also given to children with worms. Nyssa sylvatica provides a blue-black fruit that many birds and mammals make use of. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Wildlife: Pollinated by natives bees and honeybees (as in tupelo honey). Specs . A slow growing variety with highly ornamental bark and great autumn foliage, this beautiful tree is worthy of a … I read where 19th century folk used the wood for "nailers" on barn and outbuilding roofs as nails would not "back out" of the shingles or tin when using Blackgum. Your Tree’s Personality. Develops bark that furrows with age, resembling alligator hide; Serve as an important food source for bees, birds, and other wildlife; Will be delivered at a height of 2'–3' The Black Tupelo Grows in zones 4 - 9. Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. The fruits are consumed by songbirds, woodpeckers, wild turkeys, squirrels, foxes, and bears. The flowers are not ornamentally significant. 30' - 50' Mature Spread. Small greenish white flowers are borne in clusters on long stalks and are an important nectar source for bees. Buy Tupelo Tower™ Blackgum online. Black Tupelo, Blackgum, Sour Gum, Black Tupelo: Family: Nyssaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Low acid woods, swamps and shores in imperfectly drained soils[11, 43]. Leaves change from green/orange quickly to red with mottled darker red splotches that make it deeper in color, but simultaneously more brilliant than many of the maple cultivars. Slow to Medium. Bark, Mature - Nyssa sylvatica: black tupelo Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. In the autumn, the black tupelo displays a range of brilliant orange, red, and purple fall color. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. 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